DPIIT Announces Launch of App for IPRs to Benefit SMEs and Startups

Recently, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) announced that it had developed a mobile application and website on Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).

Launched by the Modi government on 14th October 2019, the dedicated website and app are aiming at making Indian startups and SMEs learn to protect and maximize their innovations.

According to a government press release, these dedicated tools have been developed by Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM), DPIIT along with Qualcomm and National Law University (NLU), Delhi. By playing a remarkable role in enhancing the competitiveness of the businesses and opportunities to take technology products to market, Intellectual Property (IP) can be a road directing startups and SMEs to a successful destination.     

Guruprasad Mohapatra, secretary DPIIT, explained that as both the app and website will be useful to communities that hold a considerable promise for the country and its economy, this project appears very significant. Startups and SMEs are more harmonized into investment and risk-taking due to lack of legal knowledge, and today, when the nation is on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution, the interface between law and technology is growing and therefore, it is crucial to be available with a specialized app and website to help enterprises with the IP processes.  

The press release also mentioned that the e-learning platforms – L2Pro India IP e-learning Website and the L2Pro India Mobile App are expected to help not just startups but even entrepreneurs, innovators, and small and medium industries to understand IPRs for their protection, integrate IP into their business models, and obtain value for their R&D (research and development) efforts.

The L2Pro has been successfully implemented in various nations, like Italy, UK (United Kingdom), Germany, and France benefiting from close collaboration with IP Firms and public research institutions. The learning app has been customized for India to ensure that innovations are protected, managed, and commercialized.

The L2Pro India IP e-learning platforms will be available with 11 modules for three different levels, covering Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced. Each module would comprise e-text for understanding concepts, links to additional resources on the subject, short animated videos of the ideas, and quizzes for grading the learner’s knowledge and insight into the subject.

People can access these e-learning platforms through their desktop, laptop, mobile browser, and mobile app (on Android and iOS), and on successful completion of their e-learning modules, they will receive e-certificates by CIPAM-DPIIT, NLU, and Qualcomm. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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How Can Intellectual Property Protection Benefit Virtual Businesses?

Due to the continuous technological advancements, virtual businesses have stepped onto the path of tremendous growth. Nowadays, it is common to see people working in a coffee cafe or restaurant; instead of an office as earlier. Well, it is the concept of virtual businesses that makes this happen and lets the people work as freelancers, thus serving them with a new sense of freedom while working. Besides, it enables organizations to get their work done even by the people working in other cities. It is also about letting the employees work remotely. All these facts have made virtual businesses one of the best commerce of the present world.

Undoubtedly, virtual businesses are beneficial in almost every sense, but as the virtual data can be copied, altered, and distributed easily in just a couple of minutes, ensuring the protection of the work associated with the virtual world appears a bit complicated. In these instances, Intellectual Property Protection comes up as the most effective shield to prevent the unlawful copying and use of any material accessible over the internet without seeking the permission of the original creator.

Why Is Intellectual Property Protection Vital for Virtual Businesses?

Virtual businesses often operate on working models focused on their online presence. Hence, the assets like website, app, or other that influence one’s online presence are of great importance. Unfortunately, the Internet and rapidly advancing technology have made the theft and imitation of such online assets just a matter of some clicks, thus generating a crucial need for a robust shield to safeguard them. No doubt that there are several ways to keep the online data secure, but what could be more effective than intellectual property protection. It bestows you with the Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) that are beneficial in not just preventing replication or misuse of your IP but also making the infringer pay for the damages to your business due to the infringement.

Who Can Own the IPRs on a Website?

A website, which acts as a foremost tool to promote the business for sales generation, is the biggest asset of any company. As this imperative tool generally includes several elements provided by different people like designers, content developers, etc., it is not necessary that a site owner owns exclusive rights on every component. Therefore, it is essential to determine what rights a site owner can own, along with how to protect them.

In general, the right to enjoy the exclusivity remains with the employer instead of the employees who are employed to develop the website. However, as the Intellectual Property Law varies from nation to nation, this right may also change as per the country. So whenever you decide to obtain legal ownership over your website, it will be in your best interest to consult an IP Attorney.

What Elements of Your Website Can You Protect?

The intellectual property industry has multiple heads to ensure the protection of various elements of your website. Technical tools and software can be protected by Patent Registration. However, the website’s design, which is the expression behind the idea of creating a site, can be secured under Copyright Protection. Copyrights are applicable also for the security of the website’s content, including images, blog posts, and more. Software that includes text-based HTML codes can obtain the protection under Patent Law or Copyright Act, depending upon the nation where the website is functioning. Trademark Law protects the website’s name, logo, products, and other unique signs visible to the viewer. Computer-generated graphic symbols, user interfaces, displays, & even webpages need to be protected under Industrial Design Law. Trade Secrets Law, as the name depicts, is available to safeguard the site’s hidden or confidential aspects, whose disclosure may lead to secrecy violation of the particular firm.

Wrapping Up

As mentioned earlier, the virtual business industry is one of the most rapidly growing sectors. While dealing in such a continually advancing and competitive industry, it is not uncommon for you to find your work violated by someone. Besides, there are possibilities that you may unknowingly infringe others’ IP. IP protection helps you in not just evading such issues but also ensuring safer online transactions in your business. So, if you are planning to come up with a website, make sure to secure it with suitable IPRs. Hopefully, the aforementioned information will prove helpful to you. However, if you are looking for additional information related to the IP industry and virtual businesses, it is better to consult an experienced IP Lawyer or IP Law Firm. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Trademark Cease & Desist Letter: Important Things You Should Know

Trademarks are one of the most efficient ways to build up and safeguard your brand’s reputation. As the Registered Trademarks enable consumers to determine the origin or source of products and services, they can also help you in expanding business by prohibiting the competitors from making profits on your name. Although trademarks provide clear directions that no one except the original owner of the mark can use it, Trademark Infringement is still a severe matter and needs to be addressed on the spot. Here, you will get information regarding the cease and desist letter, which may aid you to prevent others from using or cloning your trademark without paying unnecessary charges related to legitimate actions.

Cease and Desist Letter

A cease and desist letter in case of trademark infringement is a legal document issued by the original owner of the mark to a party infringing upon his/ her federally registered trademark. The letter asks the offending party to not just cease the act of violating the owner’s Intellectual Property (IP) but also compensate damages that took place due to the infringement. On determining that someone is infringing on your trademark, you can choose any of the two options; either try to resolve the matter outside the court by writing and sending a cease and desist letter or proceed directly by filing a trademark infringement lawsuit. Typically, sending a cease and desist letter to the infringer is the first step that many people put to end the infringement without including extra expense and time associated with going to court or taking other legitimate measures.

Another noticeable fact is that this letter isn’t limited to help you only if someone violates your trademark; instead, it is also helpful in cases like copyright or Patent Infringement.

Cease and Desist Letters Aren’t Legally Binding

As these letters only describe the ideas and requests of the sender, usually a trademark attorney or IP lawyer representing the trademark’s owner, they aren’t legally binding. Moreover, they don’t even provide indications regarding the court action, which could be the next step if the offending party neglects to respond to the sender as he/she expected.

Procedure to Write and Send Cease and Desist Letter In a Trademark Infringement Matter

To write a cease and desist letter, one needs to follow the following steps:

Determine the infringement: Firstly, check if someone is infringing your trademark or it is any other IP that he/she is using to make profits on your name. Trademark infringement takes place when the offender is advertising or selling his/ her products or services by using the same or similar name your products or services are having.

Do Searches: Collect more details about both – infringement and infringer. Make attempts and understand the offender’s intention, i.e., whether he/she is involved in the case accidentally or intentionally.

Consult to An IP Attorney: Though you can write and send the cease and desist letter yourself, yet proceeding under the supervision of an experienced attorney will be in your best interest. An adept lawyer can assist you in listing all the facts, demands, and claims in the letter clearly and understandably.      

Note that by creating and sending a precise cease and desist letter, you can:

Indeed this letter can be written and sent at any time but doing so as soon as you notice infringement would provide the best outcomes. It will not just prohibit the offender from continuing the unlawful act of infringement but also help you in enforcing your ownership rights. Nonetheless, to make the offender respond as you want by reinforcing your part, it is imperative to familiarize him/ her with all the details of your trademark. Your brand’s name or logo, the date on which you filed a Trademark Application, the day when you determined that someone is unlawfully cloning or using your registered trademark are some vital details you need to include in the letter. Including all the evidence reflecting infringement can strengthen your case. Ultimately, don’t forget to incorporate the section showcasing what the infringer can or should do to resolve the conflict.


Hopefully, you have got a clear insight into the fact that cease and desist letter is one of the best ways to prohibit the offending party from continuing to make profits on your name without getting involved in legal actions. So if any individual or company is using your trademark without seeking your consent, the matter needs to be resolved by sending a polite letter. While a stern demand with a deadline to cease copying or using your mark can be useful, a formal letter can also result in a favorable resolution of the infringement concern. Now, after going through this article, you can undoubtedly write a cease and desist letter on your own, but doing so with the help of either any IP attorney or Trademark Law Firm is still advisable. Experienced IP lawyers and Intellectual Property Law Firms have a deep understanding and knowledge of these areas and can benefit you with a more compelling case on your side. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Want to Transfer Trademark Rights in India? Here’re the guidelines!

A trademark is one of the most exclusive and fastest evolving Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in India. Consisting of a recognizable sign, design, or expression, it identifies and differentiates the products or services of a source from those of others. Besides, it helps the brands in generating goodwill that attracts consumers towards them. Another remarkable fact why a trademark is the most preferred Intellectual Property is that the owner can transfer it.

Here, we will dive into the complete process of transferring the trademark rights in India.

As per the Indian Trademarks Act, 1999 that deals with all legal issues, terms, etc., around trademark, people who desire to transfer their trademark cando so by opting any of the two agreements: Trademark Assignment or Trademark Licensing.

(A) Trademark Assignment Agreement

It focuses on the legal way of transferring rights from the owner (assignor) to the willing third-party (assignee), which could be a company or an individual. Assignment of a trademark can be possible in the following two ways:

  • Complete Assignment:

Trademark rights refer to a bundle of several rights emphasizing ownership, use, process, share, etc., and a complete assignment of a trademark allows the transfer of all these rights from the assignor to the assignee. Once signed this assignment, the assignee can use, sell, and even distribute the mark without any fear of Trademark Infringement as the assignor no longer retains any right over the logo, brand, or anything else associated with it.

  • Partial Assignment:

Partial assignment of trademark permits the transfer of rights over particular products or services. It empowers the assignor to provide the willing party with his/ her rights while adding clauses that the assignee is entitled to use the rights related to only a few products. In other words, the assignee cannot use the trademark for any other products or services apart from those allowed by the assignor.

Step-wise Procedure for Trademark Assignment

  1. First of all, there is a need to make an application requesting the transfer of rights. The trademark assignment application can be made either by the assignor or assignee or jointly and should entail the terms and policies of transfer, details of both proprietor and assignee. Moreover, it must be in the format of FORM TM-P.
  2. After preparing the application, it’s the time to file it before the registrar. Emphasize doing so within six months of acquisition of proprietorship as delaying in filing can cost you payment of an additional fee.
  3. Obtain the permission of the Registrar. The case of transfer varies according to conditions, for example – is it the transfer with goodwill or of a Registered Trademark. In every case, it is mandatory to focus on the directions of the registrar before the expiry of the assignment. However, this period is of six months in India but extendable if the registrar allows.
  4. Advertise the assignment as per the registrar’s direction and submit copies of both advertisements and directions to the registrar.
  5. The registrar (if satisfied) with the application, all documents, and advertisement will transfer the said Trademark Protection from the original owner to the new proprietor. Once the name of the assignee gets registered with the registrar, the assignee can use the said trademark rightfully.

(B) Trademark Licensing Agreement

It emphasizes transferring a trademark in a restricted manner. In other words, trademark licensing doesn’t allow the transfer of full ownership over the trademark rights from the licensor (original owner) to the licensee (new owner).  Though a little bit restrictive yet licensing agreements benefit the licensor by broadening his market and increasing consumers, while the licensee with royalties accessible with the trademark.

Although the registration of a licensing agreement isn’t mandatory, it is advisable to do so. Why? Registering will enable the licensee to exercise the trademark without any fear of legal issues.

Procedure for Trademark Licensing

The process of registering the license agreement is quite similar to that of assignment agreement. Like the assignment agreement, the application for Trademark Registration and transfer under the license agreement should also be filed before the registrar within six months of the agreement made. Licensor, licensee or both can make the application in the format of TM-28 form. Once the registrar is satisfied with the application, documents, etc., he/ she will make an entry into his/her record register, including the date of filing the Trademark Application and other details. The entry states that both the licensor and licensee can use the desired trademark rights as per the terms of the license agreement.

With the consistent evolution and growth in the technologies and several industries, the concepts of IPRs like trademark are continuously changing. Trademark transferring is the correct approach that attracts profits for both the original right holder and the party willing to get the rights. Hopefully, this article will help you in having the benefits of such trademark transferring. So, understand your needs as well as the procedures and thus, go for the method of transferring the trademark rights that suits you. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Intellectual Property Rights: A Crucial Need for Present MSMEs

MSMEs or Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises that play a vital role in growing a country’s economy often lose out when it comes to the safety of their ideas and strategies. Hence, it is imperative to look for something that can protect the creations and innovations of MSMEs. Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) are the best source adept in keeping the unique and original assets of companies safe in the current highly competitive world.

Intellectual Property (IP) industry nowadays is accessible with many types of IPRs, like trademarks, patents, etc. Nevertheless, MSMEs can opt for any of these IP rights, but sometimes one kind of IP can protect a particular asset better than others. For instance, a trademark is an exclusive IPR that suits best when it comes to secure the unique name, logo, or other assets of MSMEs. By providing a unique identity to a product, the trademark helps its owner to gain credibility amongst consumers, which ultimately serves him with financial profits. On the other side, to protect the unique and new designs that form the base of business models of some MSMEs, the enterprises’ need could not depend on a trademark. They need an IPR that is known for securing designs. Since the requisites vary as per the nature and assets of MSMEs, there is a need to implement IP protection after understanding it appropriately.

Sources to be Aware of IP

IP awareness programs are the best way to be familiar with IP. Including the Intellectual Property Facilitation (IPFC), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, and National Institute of Intellectual Property Management, several other institutions are famous for organizing IP awareness programs. Some of the programs with which these institutions attempt to make MSMEs aware of IP encompass:

  • Seminars,
  • Workshops,
  • Short-term and long-term training.

Need for IP Framework

With the continuous and rapid emergence of new products and businesses, the market is turning competitive. The worst fact is that to stay ahead of others in such a challenging era, many big firms don’t hesitate even in exploiting the smaller companies, thus making it crucial for the MSMEs to get familiarized with the IP protection available for their assets. That’s why it is of paramount importance for MSMEs to have an appropriate IP framework that prevents them from losing the game in the hands of big players.

An appropriate IP framework is beneficial for MSMEs in not just defending their innovative products or works but also enhancing their market value amongst the potential investors, shareholders, and consumers. Note that the IPRs, if valued, maintained, and utilized strategically can undoubtedly increase the MSME’s reputation and competitiveness.

The Present Situation

MSMEs, in the present scenario, are contributing to around 50 percent of the total manufacturing industries and 45 percent of the overall shipments in India. That’s what makes these enterprises a noticeable source adding much to the Indian economy. However, to pursue playing a role in growing the country’s economy, MSMEs have to stay away from legal issues, including trademark infringement cases, patent violation lawsuits, etc. Assuredly, the high costs, required documents, and many other things associated with IPRs turn it a bit complex for MSMEs to obtain and enforce IP protection. Nonetheless, if obtained precisely by understanding all the facts related to the IP system, the IPRs can undoubtedly bestow the owner, i.e., MSMEs with fruitful outcomes. Are you also an owner of any minor, or small, or medium-sized enterprise? It is time to secure your business with suitable IP rights that will not just keep your assets protected but also provide you with fruitful advantages for years. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Intellectual Property Strategy: All You Need to Know

Mainly considered to be a legal source to protect assets from being used without their owners’ permission, Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) are also helpful in driving opportunities to earn more and gain competitive benefit. That’s is the reason why most businesses in the present challenging era emphasize working with Intellectual Property (IP) strategy in addition to their business strategy. IP provides exclusive rights that allow authorized accessing and using several elements, like medicines, industrial products, etc., while keeping the vulnerabilities of legal issues minimum. The IPRs guarantee avoidance and elimination of various types of misuses, including:

  • Counterfeiting
  • Abusive or unauthorized use
  • Theft or diversion of IP assets
  • Copying of registered or patented items

The combination of trust and protective strategy associated with IP can be a perfect way to grow your business to a remarkably fruitful level in today’s highly competitive marketplace. Hence, it is imperative to comprehend the IP strategy along with its core elements, and importance.

IP Strategy

Intellectual Property (IP) Strategy is a combination of several steps that help a business to manage its IP assets, define how its research and development team should operate for achieving the company’s goals, which may be building a reputation or increasing the revenue. Generally, protecting different types of IP assets appears an expensive deal; however, with an apt IP strategy, you can ensure the protection and management of your assets at a reasonable price. Besides, it can help in extracting good ROI, i.e., returns on your business investments. That’s why all the businesses, whether large, small, new, or old, should have a clear and understandable IP Strategy.

Core Elements of A Result-oriented IP Strategy

Strategically using your IP assets is one of the best ways to grow your business while facing the least possible hurdles. Hence, you must always emphasize running your business after creating an IP strategy that encompasses the following three core elements:

IP Protection: Intellectual Property Law provides exclusionary rights that undoubtedly prevent the misuse of your IP assets, but the continuous advancements in technology are making it a bit sophisticated for the people to use them appropriately. Hence, there is a crucial need to create and use an IP strategy that includes defensive publishing as one of its vital parts. It will aid you in not only keeping the exclusionary rights robust throughout their lifespan but also in staying safe against the two below-given hazardous threats.

  • Patent trolls, which apply to patents, focus only on collecting license fees or penalty charges from the party involved in Patent Infringement.
  • Picket-fence processes in which competitors who desire to erode your core patent’s value, patent some incremental improvements over it, and get a license for leveraging your core technology on preferential terms.

R&D Operations’ Optimization: Technologies and techniques associated with the traditional patent search processes are so intricate that a comprehensive search may take days to execute. Use state-of-the-art analysis tools and optimize your search processes as well as the ability to provide actionable insights. Moreover, there is a need to empower personnel to conduct searches by employing natural language queries rather than arcane syntax. These measures will boost up your decision-making ability, which further helps in building up a more competitive and agile company.

IP Assets’ Monetization: The justification of ‘how effective an IP strategy is’ mainly based on the top or bottom-line value it provides to an organization. Monetization is far beyond just enabling products to sell at a faster rate under the shield of Intellectual Property Rights Protection. An efficient IP strategy can help you to monetize your IP assets as well as identify infringers and potential licensing partners in both the private and public sectors.

Importance of IP Strategy

We are living in a rapidly developing economic world where the restrictions (due to developments) on several materials, like land, minerals, transportation, and many others are becoming prominent day-by-day. An IP strategy covers measures that expedite the creation, development, and management of IP assets along with maintaining a balance with restricted items. IP strategy, which consists of all crucial things like the company’s attributes, information about its products, etc., can help the firm in protecting and promoting their assets in a manner that ensure remarkable returns on IP-related investment. It also enables you to identify and evade the risks that may harm your organization anytime. Finally, we can say that an effectively designed IP strategy is one of the best means to ensure the commercial growth of any business in the present challenging era. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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IPRs and Human Rights: An Arduous Relationship

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and human rights are two laws that never infringed on the domains of each other before the 90s. In the beginning, they grew separately and hardly interrupted one another. However, later, it has been found that they are interrelated in several ways. One, human rights and IPRs can conflict with each other. Second, these two laws may co-exist with one another. Such factors usually raise a concerning confusion whether IP and their rights are compatible with human rights or harmful to them.

IPRs and Human Rights Complement Each Other

IP rights of authors and creators should not restrict the cultural participation and scientific access, rather expedite them. Since IPRs try to create a balance between incentives on one side and access on another, the human rights and IPRs in this sense are compatible with each other. Assuredly, we can view the compatibility between these two laws by balancing positions and interests.

IPRs and Human Rights are Different

By turning the pages of the past of these two laws, we can conclude that IP rights were not a priority for human rights professionals and vice-versa. Moreover, IPRs professionals were and are focused on broadening the scope of IP protection by incentivizing and rewarding the innovative activity, while human rights experts focus on the establishment of norms that can prevent human rights abuses. As the IP’s economic aspect emphasizes rewarding individuals for their efforts, protecting their products, and considering inventions as extensions of their personalities, it promotes individualism.

In contrast, human rights are different and ensure that not only an individual rather large groups or communities can also be the authors or inventors. This law recognizes the value of IP products as an expression of human creativity and dignity and thus, mainly considers the protection of these expressions and common goods. That’s why it focuses on the interest of the entire society instead of only the individuals. On the contrary, IPRs stay limited only to the titular’s interests.

IPRs and Human Rights are Conflicting

Researchers often delay the publication of their inventions to defend their IP. It means IPRs in the scientific domain lead to more privatization and lessening of scientific publications, thus acting as a barrier in scientific progress. The continuously growing range of such people who want to protect their intellectual property in this way can result in a threatening situation where everyone obstructs the other, thus ultimately leading to reduced innovations.

Not only this, but IPRs are obstacles to another human right, i.e., right to health also. For instance, taking undue advantage of Intellectual Property Protection, the patent owners usually set their costs much higher than generics. Due to this, many people turn unable to access useful and apt medicine.

Finally, we can see that IPRs usually put negative impacts on the essence of human rights. Besides, the administrators who are responsible for the deliverance of IPRs often found neglecting their duty in the perspective of morality. These officials estimate that taking moral and ethical preoccupations into consideration are neither useful nor imperative, despite that these preoccupations are lifelines of human rights.

Conflict Resolution

Are you looking for ways to resolve the conflict between human rights and IPRs? Well, the appropriate solution will be the result of many efforts. Firstly, human rights authorities must create some specific interpretations of cultural, economic, and social aspects so that they can work with policies of the TRIPs agreement. Secondly, all administrators, whether IPRs or others, should focus on the human rights perspective that demands to keep both the owners as well as consumers of IP products at an equal level. Thirdly, the government must consider imposing maximum standards for Intellectual Property Protection instead of just supporting minimum standards. Last but not the least, the international forums, such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) should analyze the new laws and doctrines with human rights viewpoint. It is the only approach by which human rights and IP Rights will co-exist with each other. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Innoviti Sues Pine Labs for Violating its Patent

Intellectual Property Rights

Innoviti Payment Solutions, a Bengaluru-based digital payments provider on 17th July 2019, revealed that it has recently filed an infringement suit against Pine Labs Pvt Ltd. The case was filed in Bengaluru City Civil Court on 11th July 2019, which revolved around a processing technology enabling UPI payments at retail POS (Point-of-Sale) terminals.

Innoviti has been granted an ex-parte ad interim injunction against the defendant by the Court, and the same came into effect on 16th July 2019. Being effective immediately, it prevents Pine Labs Pvt Ltd from manufacturing, advertising, distributing, selling, and exporting this technology by using its ‘Plutus Smart’ or any other device in India.

As per the complainant, the Indian Patent Office had granted a patent to its invention for processing of payments through transaction-specific dynamic-QR technology on 15th March 2019. Patent rights for its patent number – 309274 will be in force till 29th March 2037.

How does this transaction-specific dynamic-QR technology work?

The technology enables payment processing using UPI, Bharat QR, and various other QR-based payment types via Point-of-Sale devices that companies generally use for accepting debit and credit card payments.

The dynamic QR technology, which is different from a single static-printed QR code, generates a unique code for each payment transaction. Moreover, when compared to static QR-based payments, dynamic QR codes ensure less error-prone cashier-customer interaction, better fraud control, and more secure transaction.

Innoviti said that it has not just licensed the same technology to several partner financial organizations but is also in discussion with more at present.

Bengaluru-based Innoviti is backed by many investors, like:

  • Catamaran Ventures,
  • SBI Ven Capital, Singapore,
  • Bessemer Venture Partners, US.

Chief executive at Innoviti, Rajeev Agrawal said that it was just like a shock to hear from one of their employees that a shop in Bengaluru is using the same technology. He said that they came across several instances indicating that many Indian commercial organizations, which deal in selling and offering for sale payment devices, may infringe their patent. Therefore, they have started legal enforcement of their Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), like patent rights.

The plaintiff added that Innoviti processes near about $5 billion of payments across India from over 1000 cities annually and has filed sixteen Patent Applications in various payment technology areas. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com

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Guidelines to Prevent Intellectual Property Issues in the Virtual World

Trademark Infringement

Virtual reality (VR) is a technology that has been surrounding us, in different forms, for the past many years. Although the technology is in effect since the mid-twentieth century, the hike in its popularity came now due to the rapid technological advancements in mobile data and other relevant services. As the cost of VR devices is falling continuously, even ordinary people can afford them at the moment. Therefore, large numbers of entrepreneurs are striving to make profits by driving remarkable consumers through advanced and affordable VR services. If you also want to grow your business with the help of this technology, don’t forget to emphasize some legal considerations.

Below is the crucial information that will aid you in evading issues related to your Intellectual Property (IP) assets while investing in virtual reality technology

Virtual Reality

VR or virtual reality is a simulated technological environment, including the computer-generated, three-dimensional images that enable the users to communicate to the real world by utilizing electronic gadgets, such as:

  • Sensor-fitted gloves
  • Helmets having a special screen

These environments are self-contained and thus, do not allow people to have direct interaction with the real world.


Usage of third-party marks is the main thing people need to consider in association with trademarks related to VR. Virtual Reality technology-based service providers who want to deploy third-party marks on their headsets or in their content should use them after getting permission from the owner. As the incidental inclusion of Registered Trademarks is not always fair, sometimes it may result in Trademark Infringement issues. Hence, it is better to use the marks after being permitted.

If any entrepreneur provides VR service by using a mark in the course of trade for driving commercial benefits, then he or she appears to (intentionally or unintentionally) infringe that mark. For instance, if a service provider (in a fashion-based VR or a game) starts selling an item having a third-party mark on it, he possibly infringes the trademark. It is true even in cases where the businesses use virtual currency.


No matter, whether you are using or not using the copyright-protected assets in the course of trade or anything else, accessing the assets without being allowed by the owner can lead to Copyright Infringement. VR environment facilitates the users with a lot of options to utilize the original creative images, text, videos, and music, but with the considerable risks of infringing others’ rights.

VR software also allows businesses to use the work by altering or modifying it. As per the fair use doctrine, people can deploy or change copyright-protected assets without seeking permission from owners. But note that this policy is not applicable everywhere and thus, can make the users face legal concerns in many cases. Therefore, it is vital for the service providers to use, change, or reproduce the work after attaining permission for the same.


Everyday news, rapidly growing usage, and many other things regarding virtual reality are resulting in predictions that it could be the next big thing, which will serve the digital market with remarkable benefits. But as the legal considerations around this technology and their implications are continuously increasing, there is a dire need to understand it in the context of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).Not just trademarks, copyrights, and patents, but many other legal subjects, including product liability, data protection, etc., are also related to the new virtual reality age. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com/

Blockchain and Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property

Multiple industries are already exploring the possibilities of using blockchain technology, thus making it the hottest topic nowadays. Since blockchain ensures comparatively lessened administrative burden, low maintenance cost, and resilience to avoid fraud, every next day arises with new cases of its use in different sectors. But how can the blockchain technology affect the Intellectual Property (IP) industry?


People often have a misconception that blockchains are Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoins. Yes, cryptocurrencies indeed use blockchain technology, but this advanced technology itself is much more than several online currencies. In general, blockchain is a distributed or open ledger of statistics used to track and record transactions that are verified or exchanged on peer-to-peer networks. By allowing verification of transactions and advance identification of future entries, blockchain maintains a reliable record. Parties can not alter the entered data afterward. Moreover, no block or transaction can add to the ledger until all participants (nodes) in the network verify it.

As each transaction gets validated by multiple participants, the process leaves nearly no scope of hacks because to change any information, hackers have to strike each copy of the ledger.

Role of blockchain in the IP industry

At this moment, authenticators like the governments of various countries and other administrative bodies are the managers of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Sad but because of physical limitations, this system seems incapable to meet the pace of continuous developments in the digitized and globalized market. Hence, there is a need for a more feasible and reliable alternative that is blockchain, a possible successor to this physical system in the existing digital space.

Blockchain can benefit the IP industry in many ways, such as:

Ideas Generation

“How to protect my ideas?” is the foremost question that almost every individual or company comes across while it creates new ideas. In those circumstances, most owners look for a patent to protect their assets.

A blockchain is an excellent option that keeps the companies and individuals away from worries by allowing them to identify and place their innovations on a reliable record. By giving precise information about the first creator of the ideas, this technology can avert expensive litigation issues.

Ownership and Licensing

With limitations in the current physical system, verifying the ownership or licenses of the patent appears quite challenging. Most companies often trade IP assets without updating the ownership status, thus making it difficult for others to attain a license for their products. These difficulties further result in patent disputes that blockchain can prevent by providing accurate records of licensing and ownership associated with IP assets.

Anti-Counterfeiting and Supply Chain Management

The aspect of blockchain to show the ownerships and licenses in the records facilitates the people to track assets on the supply chain. Apart from this, blockchain-connected imprints enable the authorities and customers to differentiate between genuine and counterfeit products.


No doubt that this advanced technology is in its early stages at present, but persistent growth and propagation can aid businesses in solving problems related to the IP industry. Implementing new technology in an industry that already has proven methods is challenging and demands many efforts. Still, if the Intellectual property industry succeeds in winning the challenge of adopting a precise path for blockchain technology, it could enjoy amazing benefits. For more visit: https://www.trademarkmaldives.com/